Riding Mower and Tractor: Runs rough or misfires

If the engine runs rough or misfires, it could have a clogged carburetor. Rebuild or replace the carburetor if it’s clogged. If the engine runs rough after hitting a rock or stump, check the flywheel key–a damaged flywheel key will disrupt the ignition timing.

Check to see if there are fuel, oil or carbon deposits on the spark plug. Replace the spark plug if it’s fouled.

Low cylinder compression causes a rough running engine. Check and adjust the valve lash on the engine if you find low cylinder compression.

Tune up the engine each season to keep the tractor running smoothly.

These repairs may help solve your Riding Mower and Tractor problem:

Replace the riding mower carburetor assembly

Carburetor

If the engine on your riding mower or lawn tractor is running roughly or only runs when the choke is partly on, you might need to replace the carburetor. The carburetor mixes gas with air before the fuel goes into the cylinder. If the gas/air mix isn't balanced, the engine won't have peak performance.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Rebuild the riding mower engine carburetor

Carburetor rebuild kit

The carburetor mixes fuel with air to create a combustible mixture that enters the engine cylinder and ignites to drive the piston. Impurities in gasoline can clog the carburetor. Seals and gaskets in the carburetor eventually wear out. Use a carburetor rebuild kit to refurbish a clogged or leaking carburetor.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Tune up the riding mower engine

Fuel filter

The engine tune-up includes routine maintenance for a riding lawn mower or tractor. This tune-up includes replacing the engine oil, oil filter, air filter, fuel filter and spark plug. The tune-up also includes checking the ignition, carburetor, battery, throttle and choke controls, as well as cleaning the engine cooling fins.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the riding mower engine fuel filter

Fuel filter

The engine fuel filter screens impurities from the gasoline going to the carburetor. A clogged fuel filter won't allow gas to flow to the carburetor. A damaged filter won't screen impurities from the gasoline, resulting in a clogged carburetor. Replace the engine fuel filter if it's damaged or clogged.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the riding mower spark plug

Spark plug

The spark plug gets electrical current from the ignition system and sparks to ignite the fuel mixture in the cylinder, which drives the piston. The spark plug won't spark if it's coated with carbon deposits or oil residue, or if there’s a crack in the ceramic insulator. The engine won't start if the spark plug is bad. Replace the spark plug if it's damaged or coated with residue.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.

Replace the riding mower engine flywheel key

Flywheel key

The flywheel key is a small metal rectangle that keeps the crankshaft and flywheel aligned when you tighten the flywheel nut. To protect more expensive components from damage, the flywheel key is designed to shear if the mower blade hits an object like a rock or tree stump hard enough to make the flywheel slip out of alignment with the crankshaft. If the flywheel shear slightly, the engine runs rough or misfires. If the flywheel key breaks or shears severely, your riding mower engine stops running and won’t start. If the flywheel key breaks or shears, replace it.

For manuals, repair guides, and specific part recommendations, enter your model number.